Once you understand the different coyote sounds, your coyote hunting will be more successful. Coyotes communicate with many different sounds. They are social animals and can either travel in packs or as individuals.
Most of the time, if you see a coyote, there are others close by. This is generally the case with the western coyote. The eastern coyotes are a little more reclusive and can be more nocturnal, although coyotes do a lot of their hunting at night.
I live in the mountains east of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The sounds and howls of coyotes outside our home at night are very common place. Coyotes don't worry too much about being seen in the daylight hours either.
When calling coyote, I prefer the mouth call sounds in comparison to the electronic call sounds because my success rates are higher. Mouth calls are fairly easy to use. Practice your sounds with a few calling tips and recordings you will learn below.
Out here in the west the "yotes" respond well to distressed cottontail sounds or jackrabbit calls — but the best is the distress call of the woodpecker.
First off, when getting to your hunting set-up, relax - get comfortable; set up sticks, rifle and adjust your camera, etc. Give the area a few minutes to calm down. Survey your surroundings well and do this all very quietly. Coyotes are very keen on noise and movement and they have great noses.
Call softly at first. Keep your calling in short burst and remember a rabbits lungs are much smaller than yours. Call for thirty seconds then wait a few minutes before resuming.
Use your hand to muffle your calling by holding it over the call then release it. Most yotes will show up within 8-10 minutes. If they don't, then increase your volume a little.
Typically I give each set-up about 30 minutes, more if the set-up is a hot spot. I like to start with a coyote invitation call; the female will use this call when searching for a mate or when they want company.
Then I use the distress call of my choosing, this way a big male near by may think he's getting lucky and a meal too.
Below are common coyote sounds and distress calls:
Ernie Wilson, Conestoga, PA crowned state champion predator caller demonstrates a coyote call. http://articles.lancasteronline.com/local/4/226106
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Coyote sounds are part of life in many areas of the country
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